New daily persistent headache (NDPH) is a unique form of chronic daily headache (CDH) which is marked by a daily headache from onset, typically occurring in individuals without a significant prior history of headaches. There are two subforms of NDPH: one which is self-limited and normally goes away without therapy, and a more chronic refractory form which is unresponsive to typical headache treatment strategies. The pathogenesis of NDPH is unknown but recent observations suggest a connection with cervical spine hypermobility and elevation of proinflammatory cytokines in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Recognized triggers for NDPH include infection, stressful life events, and surgical procedures. Clinically, NDPH is characterized by continuous head pain of mild to severe intensity. Migrainous symptoms are common. The syndrome appears to affect women in their teens and 20s, while males develop NDPH later in life in their 50s or 60s. There are no recognized treatments for this condition, although treatment options will be discussed. Secondary mimics of NDPH will also be touched upon in this chapter.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology