New and alternative strategies for the prevention, control, and treatment of antibiotic-resistant Campylobacter

Lei Dai, Orhan Sahin, Madhusudan Grover, Qijing Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Campylobacter is an enteric pathogen and a leading bacterial cause of diarrhea worldwide. It is widely distributed in food animal species and is transmitted to humans primarily through the foodborne route. While generally causing self-limited diarrhea in humans, Campylobacter may induce severe or systemic infections in immunocompromised or young/elderly patients, which often requires antibiotic therapy with the first-line antibiotics including fluoroquinolones and macrolides. Over the past decades, Campylobacter has acquired resistance to these clinically significant antibiotics, compromising the effectiveness of antibiotic treatments. To address this concern, many studies have been conducted to advance novel and alternative measures to control antibiotic-resistant Campylobacter in animal reservoirs and in the human host. Although some of these undertakings have yielded promising results, efficacious and reliable alternative approaches are yet to be developed. In this review article, we will describe Campylobacter-associated disease spectrums and current treatment options, discuss the state of antibiotic resistance and alternative therapies, and provide an evaluation of various approaches that are being developed to control Campylobacter infections in animal reservoirs and the human host.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-88
Number of pages13
JournalTranslational Research
Volume223
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Campylobacter
  • Control Strategies
  • Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Physiology (medical)

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