Neurotensin analog NT69L induces rapid and prolonged hypothermia after hypoxic ischemia

Laurence M. Katz, Yuanfan Wang, Beth McMahon, Elliott Richelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether the neurotensin analog NT69L, administered systemically, could induce mild brain hypothermia after asphyxial cardiac arrest (ACA) in rats. Methods: The study design was experimental, blinded, randomized, and approved by the animal use committee. All rats had continuous monitoring of brain temperature and sustained 8 minutes of ACA, resuscitation, and either saline or NT69L intravenously after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Rats surviving 14 days after ACA had a neurological deficit score (NDS) and a Morris Water Maze (MWM) test. Results: Seven of eight rats in each group survived 14 days. Brain temperature was less than 35°C 13.1 ± 3 minutes (mean± standard deviation) after NT69L vs controls that remained 37.5°C at the same ambient temperature (p < 0.05 ANOVA). The NT69L group remained below 35°C for 300 ± 100 minutes while the controls remained at 37.5 ± 0.5°C. The NDS in the NT69L rats was 3 ± 3% vs controls 26 ± 8% (p < 0.05, Kruskal-Wallis, 0% = normal, 100% = brain dead). The NT69L rats performed better on the MWM vs the controls (22 ± 8 sec vs 45 ± 26 sec, respectively, p < 0.05 ANOVA). Conclusions: NT69L induced rapid and prolonged mild brain hypothermia after ACA in this rat model and reduced neurological deficits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1115-1121
Number of pages7
JournalAcademic Emergency Medicine
Volume8
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Asphyxia
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Hypothermia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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