Here we report that bis(7)-tacrine, a novel acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, exerts neuroprotective effects by inhibition of nitric oxide synthase. In cortical neurons at 12 days in vitro, bis(7)-tacrine concentration-dependently reduced cell death induced by glutamate, β-amyloid and L-arginine, but not by nitric sodium nitroprusside. NG-monomethyl-L-arginine, a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, also prevented the former three types but not the last type of the cytotoxicity; however, nitric oxide scavengers blocked all of these insults, indicating that nitric oxide mediated these neuronal injuries. Furthermore, with nitric oxide synthase activity assays, it was found that bis(7)-tacrine not only suppressed the activation of nitric oxide synthase caused by glutamate in cortical neurons, but also directly inhibited the activity of nitric oxide synthase in vitro.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2006|
- Nitric oxide synthase
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