Neurophysiological monitoring in the intensive care unit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Electroencephalography and evoked potentials are objective and reproducible studies used in the intensive care unit as an extension of a neurological examination. The techniques can be performed serially at the bedside and are used diagnostically in the evaluation of patients with altered states of consciousness, seizure disorders, and threatened cerebral perfusion. EEG is used in the determination of brain death. Auditory evoked potentials have been demonstrated to be an effective method of delineating a peripheral auditory dysfunction in neonatal patients. Potential uses of electroencephalography and evoked potentials include predicting outcome and monitoring a patient's response to therapeutic intervention. Importantly, these results may provide the only assessment of central nervous system function when the neurological examination is precluded (e.g., barbiturate-induced coma).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-223
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Intensive Care Medicine
Volume3
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

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Neurophysiological Monitoring
Intensive Care Units
Electroencephalography
Neurologic Examination
Evoked Potentials
Consciousness Disorders
Auditory Evoked Potentials
Brain Death
Physiologic Monitoring
Coma
Epilepsy
Central Nervous System
Perfusion
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Neurophysiological monitoring in the intensive care unit. / Cascino, Gregory D.

In: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1988, p. 215-223.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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