The mammalian circadian clock in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) can be phase-shifted by neuropeptide Y applied in the subjective day. Previous studies suggested that neuropeptide Y might act through a protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent mechanism. We directly measured PKC activity in suprachiasmatic nuclei brain slices following application of neuropeptide Y. PKC activity increased 5 min after neuropeptide Y application, with a return to baseline levels 15 min after application. An initial small decrease in PKC activity 1 min after neuropeptide Y application was also observed after control applications of artificial cerebrospinal fluid. Our results support the hypothesis that phase shifts induced by neuropeptide Y involve activation of PKC.
- Neuropeptide Y
- Protein kinase C assay
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Physiology (medical)