Arthroscopy of the shoulder, elbow, hip, and knee has become increasingly utilized due to continued advancements in technique, training, and instrumentation. In addition, arthroscopy is generally safe and effective in the utilization of joint preservation surgical techniques. The arthroscopist must utilize a thorough understanding of the surgical anatomy, detailed care with patient positioning, and safe instrumentation portals to prevent associated neurological injury. In the event of postoperative neurological complications, the physician must carefully document the patient history and physical examination while considering the utilization of additional imaging, testing, or surgical nerve exploration with a specialized team depending upon the severity of neurological injury. In this review, we discuss the prevention, evaluation, and treatment of neurological complications related for arthroscopic procedures of the shoulder, elbow, hip, and knee.
- Neurological complications
- Neurological injury
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation