Neurologic Disorders and Anesthesia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Neurologic complications after anesthesia are relatively uncommon, but can be severe. Delayed arousal and postoperative cognitive dysfunction may follow general anesthesia. It is important in these situations to discriminate between the effects of anesthesia and alternative explanations. Neuropathy and transient gluteal and leg pain are the most frequent complications of regional anesthesia; headache from cerebrospinal fluid leak and paraparesis related to epidural hematoma may also occur. Seizures are infrequent after general or regional anesthesia, and anesthesia can generally be safely administered to patients with epilepsy. Patients with neurodegenerative and neuromuscular conditions may be at risk of specific complications and require adjustment of the anesthesia plan. Anesthetic agents can be used in the neurointensive care unit to treat refractory status epilepticus or intracranial hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAminoff's Neurology and General Medicine
Subtitle of host publicationFifth Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages1125-1138
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9780124077102
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Anesthesia
  • General anesthesia
  • Neurologic complications
  • Neuropathy
  • Regional anesthesia
  • Seizures
  • Spinal anesthesia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Rabinstein, A. A. (2014). Neurologic Disorders and Anesthesia. In Aminoff's Neurology and General Medicine: Fifth Edition (pp. 1125-1138). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-407710-2.00055-2