Neurologic complications of infective endocarditis

Tia Chakraborty, Alejandro Rabinstein, Eelco Wijdicks

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Infective endocarditis (IE) is an infection primarily affecting the endocardium of heart valves that can embolize systemically and to the brain. Neurologic manifestations include strokes, intracerebral hemorrhages, mycotic aneurysms, meningitis, cerebral abscesses, and infections of the spine. Neurologic involvement is associated with worse mortality, though it does not always portend a poor functional prognosis. Neuroimaging is indicated in patients who have neurologic symptoms, including cerebral vessel imaging in patients who have subarachnoid hemorrhage. In the case of acute ischemic stroke (IS), IV thrombolysis is contraindicated but endovascular thrombectomy may be a consideration. Neurologic findings understandably raise concern about valve surgery when indicated due to the risk of hemorrhage with perioperative anticoagulation. However, most neurologic complications do not preclude valve surgery and valve surgery may in fact be indispensable in some cases to prevent further neurologic problems. Management decisions in patients with IE and neurologic complications should therefore be multidisciplinary with a major contribution from the neurologist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Clinical Neurology
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Pages125-134
Number of pages10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Publication series

NameHandbook of Clinical Neurology
Volume177
ISSN (Print)0072-9752
ISSN (Electronic)2212-4152

Keywords

  • Infective endocarditis
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Mycotic aneurysm
  • Stroke
  • Valve surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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