GH secretion declines with aging and is decreased in conditions such as obesity. Several physiologic factors alter pulsatile GH secretion, including age, gender, body composition, regional distribution of fat and in particular abdominal visceral fat, sleep, nutrition, exercise and serum concentrations of gonadal steroids, insulin and IGF-I. Acute aerobic exercise is a powerful stimulus to GH release. Available studies suggest that intensity and duration of acute exercise, fitness, and training state may all influence, in part, the GH response to exercise. Intensity of exercise plays a key role in GH response to exercise. In the present paper we will discuss the GH response during acute aerobic exercise with a focus on exercise intensity and GH release. We will also provide an overview of the neuroendocrine control of exerciser-induced GH release. Finally, information related to the effects of aging and gender on the GH response to exercise will be provided.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism