Neural activity reveals interactions between episodic and semantic memory systems during retrieval

Christoph T. Weidemann, James E. Kragel, Bradley C. Lega, Gregory Alan Worrell, Michael R. Sperling, Ashwini D. Sharan, Barbara C. Jobst, Fatemeh Khadjevand, Kathryn A. Davis, Paul A. Wanda, Allison Kadel, Daniel S. Rizzuto, Michael J. Kahana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Whereas numerous findings support a distinction between episodic and semantic memory, it is now widely acknowledged that these two forms of memory interact during both encoding and retrieval. The precise nature of this interaction, however, remains poorly understood. To examine the role of semantic organization during episodic encoding and retrieval, we recorded intracranial encephalographic signals as 69 neurosurgical patients studied and subsequently recalled categorized and unrelated word lists. Applying multivariate classifiers to neural recordings, we were able to reliably predict encoding success, retrieval success, and temporal and categorical clustering during recall. By assessing how these classifiers generalized across list types, we identified specific retrieval processes that predicted recall of categorized lists and distinguished between recall transitions within and between category clusters. These results particularly implicate retrieval (rather than encoding) processes in the categorical organization of episodic memories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: General
Volume148
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Episodic Memory
Semantics
Cluster Analysis

Keywords

  • Episodic memory
  • Free recall
  • Intracranial EEG
  • Machine learning
  • Semantic memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental Neuroscience

Cite this

Neural activity reveals interactions between episodic and semantic memory systems during retrieval. / Weidemann, Christoph T.; Kragel, James E.; Lega, Bradley C.; Worrell, Gregory Alan; Sperling, Michael R.; Sharan, Ashwini D.; Jobst, Barbara C.; Khadjevand, Fatemeh; Davis, Kathryn A.; Wanda, Paul A.; Kadel, Allison; Rizzuto, Daniel S.; Kahana, Michael J.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, Vol. 148, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Weidemann, CT, Kragel, JE, Lega, BC, Worrell, GA, Sperling, MR, Sharan, AD, Jobst, BC, Khadjevand, F, Davis, KA, Wanda, PA, Kadel, A, Rizzuto, DS & Kahana, MJ 2019, 'Neural activity reveals interactions between episodic and semantic memory systems during retrieval', Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, vol. 148, no. 1, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1037/xge0000480
Weidemann, Christoph T. ; Kragel, James E. ; Lega, Bradley C. ; Worrell, Gregory Alan ; Sperling, Michael R. ; Sharan, Ashwini D. ; Jobst, Barbara C. ; Khadjevand, Fatemeh ; Davis, Kathryn A. ; Wanda, Paul A. ; Kadel, Allison ; Rizzuto, Daniel S. ; Kahana, Michael J. / Neural activity reveals interactions between episodic and semantic memory systems during retrieval. In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 2019 ; Vol. 148, No. 1. pp. 1-12.
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