Aims: Transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy (ATTR-CM) is a progressive, fatal disorder that remains underdiagnosed. The Tafamidis in Transthyretin Cardiomyopathy Clinical Trial (ATTR-ACT) was the first large clinical trial to include both wild-type (ATTRwt) and hereditary (ATTRv) patients. A description of the natural history of ATTR-CM, utilizing data from placebo-treated patients in ATTR-ACT, will provide a greater understanding of presentation and progression of ATTR-CM and may aid in disease awareness, earlier diagnosis and treatment monitoring. Methods and results: Changes in clinical endpoints (mortality, cardiovascular [CV]-related hospitalizations, 6-min walk test [6MWT] distance and Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire Overall Summary [KCCQ-OS] score) from baseline to Month 30 in the 177 patients (134 ATTRwt, 43 ATTRv) who received placebo in ATTR-ACT were assessed. ATTRwt patients tended to have less severe disease at baseline. Over the duration of ATTR-ACT, there were 76 (42.9%) all-cause deaths, and 107 (60.5%) patients had a CV-related hospitalization. There was a lower proportion of all-cause deaths in ATTRwt (49, 36.6%) than ATTRv (27, 62.8%). There was a similar, steady decline in mean (SD) 6MWT distance from baseline to Month 30 in ATTRwt (93.9 [93.7] m) and ATTRv (89.1 [107.2] m) patients. The decline in mean (SD) KCCQ-OS score was less severe in ATTRwt (13.8 [20.7]) than ATTRv (21.0 [26.4]) patients. Conclusions: Patients with ATTR-CM experience a severe, progressive disease. In ATTR-ACT, placebo-treated patients with ATTRv, compared with ATTRwt, had more severe disease at baseline, and their disease progressed more rapidly as shown by mortality, hospitalizations and quality of life over time.
- Clinical trial
- Transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine