Autoantibodies directed against variable domain epitopes of the alpha/beta T cell receptor (TCR) occur in sera of man, mouse and other vertebrates. Here, we focus upon autoantibodies expressed in human rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic erythematosus (SLE) with parallel studies involving collagen induced arthritis (CIA) in mice transgenic for human HLA-DR conferring resistance or susceptibility to autoimmune disease. We report specificity characterization of polyclonal and monoclonal IgM and IgG autoantibodies from SLE and for IgM monoclonal autoantibodies of RA patients. The data suggests that autoantibodies directed against "public" idiotopes present in the first complementarity determining region (CDR1) and the third framework (FR3) of the Vbeta gene products are generated in response to over-production of autodestructive T cells bearing particular Vbeta gene products and function to modulate (downregulate) the expression of these T cells. Since antibodies of these specificities are present in polyclonal IgG immunoglobulin (IVIG) preparations used for therapeutic purposes, the immunomodulatory effects of antibodies directed against TCR variable domains may account, at least in part, for the efficacy of IVIG preparations in therapy of autoimmune diseases and in the prevention of graft versus host reactions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Cellular and molecular biology (Noisy-le-Grand, France)|
|State||Published - Mar 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology