Native osteoprotegerin gene transfer inhibits the development of murine osteolytic bone disease induced by tumor xenografts

Patrick M. Doran, Russell T. Turner, David Chen, Suzanne M. Facteau, Jill M. Ludvigson, Sundeep Khosla, B. Lawrence Riggs, Stephen J. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Objective Multiple myeloma is a plasma cell malignancy characterized by the development of osteolytic lesions leading to bone pain, pathologic fractures, and hypercalcemia. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a potent inhibitor of osteoclast differentiation and activation, but is limited as a therapeutic agent due to its short circulating half-life. In order to overcome these limitations, the therapeutic effects of native OPG gene transfer are examined. Materials and methods We used replication-incompetent lentiviral vectors to transfer the unmodified, native human OPG gene ex vivo into human ARH-77 cells injected into severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice, to determine gene transfer efficiency as well as the impact on disease progression in this in vivo model. Results We can efficiently transfer and express either the LacZ marker gene or the native human OPG gene into human ARH-77 cells. Moreover, transfer of the OPG gene into ARH-77 cells reduces the development of osteolytic bony lesions when these cells are injected into SCID mice, compared to mice injected with either unmodified ARH-77 cells or ARH-77 cells transduced with the OPG gene in the antisense orientation. This therapeutic effect was manifested as a reduction in vertebral compression deformities and in the number and size of long-bone osteolytic lesions on skeletal radiographs, as well as a decrease in osteoclast surface on histologic analysis. Conclusions A lentiviral vector can efficiently transfer the native human OPG gene to myeloma cells ex vivo and inhibit myeloma-induced bone destruction, thereby suggesting a therapeutic potential for unmodified, native OPG gene transfer for osteoclast-dependent skeletal disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-359
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental Hematology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research


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