N064A (Alliance): Phase II Study of Panitumumab, Chemotherapy, and External Beam Radiation in Patients with Locally Advanced Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

Thorvardur R. Halfdanarson, Nathan R. Foster, George P. Kim, Michael G. Haddock, Shaker R. Dakhil, Robert J. Behrens, Steven R. Alberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This North Central Cancer Treatment Group (NCCTG) N064A (Alliance) phase II trial evaluated upfront chemoradiotherapy incorporating the EGFR inhibitor panitumumab, followed by gemcitabine and panitumumab for unresectable, non-metastatic pancreatic cancer. METHODS: The treatment consisted of fluoropyrimidine and panitumumab given concurrently with radiotherapy followed by gemcitabine and panitumumab for 3 cycles followed by maintenance panitumumab. The primary endpoint was the 12-month overall survival (OS) rate and secondary endpoints included confirmed response rate (RR), OS, progression-free survival (PFS), and adverse events. Enrollment of 50 patients was planned and the study fully accrued. RESULTS: Fifty-two patients were enrolled, but only 51 were treated and included in the analysis. The median age of patients was 65 years and 54.9% were women. Twenty-two patients received at least 1 cycle of systemic therapy following radiotherapy, but 29 patients received chemoradiotherapy only without receiving subsequent chemotherapy after completion of chemoradiotherapy. The overall RR was 5.9% (95% CI: 1.2%-16.2%). The 12-month OS rate was 50% (95% CI: 38%-67%) which fell short of the per-protocol goal for success (51.1%). The median PFS was 7.4 months (95% CI: 4.5-8.6) and the median OS was 12.1 months (95% CI 7.9-15.9). Grade 3 or higher adverse events were reported by 88%. CONCLUSION: The combination of panitumumab, chemotherapy, and external beam radiation therapy was associated with very high rates of grades 3-4 toxicities and survival results did not meet the trial's goal for success. This regimen is not recommended for further study (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT00601627).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)534-e546
JournalThe oncologist
Volume27
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 5 2022

Keywords

  • locally advanced
  • pancreatic adenocarcinoma
  • panitumumab
  • radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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