N-ethyl-17(R,S)-methyl-(6aR,10aR)-Δ8-tetrahydrocannabinol-18-oic amide. Brain pharmacokinetics in mice, triglyceride/ phospholipid partitioning and generalization to the discriminative stimulus properties of Δ9-THC in rats

I. Franke, A. Grothey, S. Koch, F. J. Witteler, M. Binder, H. Sandermann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The title compound, designed as a model for the affinity moiety of a cannabinoid affinity gel was synthesized in tritiated form (sp. act. 7.27 mCi/mmole). To validate the affinity approach to isolate the putative THC receptor, the properties of the amide were studied. Upon i.p. injection in mice the amide reaches peak brain levels of 0.13% of the total dose after 15 min. Following i.v. injection, maximal brain concentrations of 1.9% are observed at 5 min. Compared to Δ9-THC, which distributes almost equally between triglyceride and phospholipid phases (51:49) the amide exhibits a strong preference for phospholipids (5:95) that can be interpreted as high relative membrane affinity. In rats trained in a water maze to discriminate between i.p. injections of 3 mg/kg Δ9-THC (ED50 = 1.8 mg/kg) and its vehicle, the amide was generalized to the training drug, being five times less potent (Ed50 = 8.7 mg/kg) than Δ9-THC. This demonstration of cannabis-like activity indicates that the amide retains affinity to the postulated receptor and justifies the choice for the affinity ligand.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3983-3986
Number of pages4
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume34
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology

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