Myelodysplastic syndrome evolving from aplastic anemia treated with immunosuppressive therapy: Efficacy of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Sung Yong Kim, Jennifer Le Rademacher, Joseph H. Antin, Paolo Anderlini, Mouhab Ayas, Minoo Battiwalla, Jeanette Carreras, Joanne Kurtzberg, Ryotaro Nakamura, Mary Eapen, H. Joachim Deeg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

A proportion of patients with aplastic anemia who are treated with immunosuppressive therapy develop clonal hematologic disorders, including post-aplastic anemia myelodysplastic syndrome. Many will proceed to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We identified 123 patients with post-aplastic anemia myelodysplastic syndrome who from 1991 through 2011 underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and in a matched-pair analysis compared outcome to that in 393 patients with de novo myelodysplastic syndrome. There was no difference in overall survival. There were no significant differences with regard to 5-year probabilities of relapse, non-relapse mortality, relapse-free survival and overall survival; these were 14%, 40%, 46% and 49% for post-aplastic anemia myelodysplastic syndrome, and 20%, 33%, 47% and 49% for de novo myelodysplastic syndrome, respectively. In multivariate analysis, relapse (hazard ratio 0.71; P=0.18), non-relapse mortality (hazard ratio 1.28; P=0.18), relapse-free survival (hazard ratio 0.97; P=0.80) and overall survival (hazard ratio 1.02; P=0.88) of post-aplastic anemia myelodysplastic syndrome were similar to those of patients with de novo myelodysplastic syndrome. Cytogenetic risk was independently associated with overall survival in both groups. Thus, transplant success in patients with post-aplastic anemia myelodysplastic syndrome was similar to that in patients with de novo myelodysplastic syndrome, and cytogenetics was the only significant prognostic factor for post-aplastic anemia myelodysplastic syndrome patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1868-1875
Number of pages8
JournalHaematologica
Volume99
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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    Kim, S. Y., Le Rademacher, J., Antin, J. H., Anderlini, P., Ayas, M., Battiwalla, M., Carreras, J., Kurtzberg, J., Nakamura, R., Eapen, M., & Deeg, H. J. (2014). Myelodysplastic syndrome evolving from aplastic anemia treated with immunosuppressive therapy: Efficacy of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Haematologica, 99(12), 1868-1875. https://doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2014.108977