Mycobacterium tuberculosis after solid organ transplantation: A review of more than 2000 cases

Cybele Lara R. Abad, Raymund R Razonable

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) is a common pathogen worldwide, and it may cause significant infection after solid organ transplantation (SOT). We reviewed all reported TB cases to provide an update on its epidemiology, clinical presentation, management, and outcome after SOT. Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and OVID were reviewed from January 1, 1998, to December 31, 2016, using keywords tuberculosis and solid organ transplant or transplantation. Results: There were 187 publications reporting 2082 cases of TB among kidney (n = 1719), liver (n = 253), heart (n = 77), lung (n = 25), and kidney-pancreas (n = 8) recipients. Among cohort studies, the median incidence was 2.37% (range, 0.05%-13.27%) overall. Most TB disease was considered reactivation of latent infection, occurring beyond the first year after SOT. Early-onset cases were seen among donor-derived TB cases. Fever was the most common symptom. Radiologic findings were highly variable. Extrapulmonary and disseminated TB occurred 29.84% and 15.96%, respectively. Multidrug-resistant TB was rare. Treatment using 4 or 5 drugs was commonly associated with hepatotoxicity and graft dysfunction. All-cause mortality was 18.84%. Conclusions: This large review highlights the complexity of TB after SOT. Reactivation TB, donor-transmitted infection, extrapulmonary involvement, and disseminated disease are common occurrences. Treatment of TB is commonly associated with hepatotoxicity and graft dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalClinical Transplantation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • TB
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Solid organ transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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