Multiplex digital pcr to detect amplifications of specific androgen receptor loci in cell-free DNA for prognosis of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer

Meijun Du, Chiang Ching Huang, Winston Tan, Manish Kohli, Liang Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Amplification of androgen receptor (AR) is a common genomic event in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). To evaluate the prognostic value of the amplifications of specific loci in the AR gene in cell-free DNA, we developed a multiplex digital PCR (dPCR) assay that targeted AR enhancer (AR-En), AR exon 1 (AR-E1), AR exon 8 (AR-E8) and OPHN1 (downstream of AR). We selected three relatively stable genes, C2orf16, FAM111B, and GRIA3, as reference controls for copy number normalization. One hundred and eight mCRPC patients were recruited to test the association of specific AR loci amplification with clinical outcome. Using a normalized ratio ≥ 1.92 as cutoff, amplification of AR-En, AR-E1, AR-E8 and OPHN1 was observed in 28, 25, 24 and 19 of 108 mCRPC patients, respectively. Among the 41 patients with AR region amplification, 9 (21.9%) showed amplification at all four selected regions and 15 (36.6%) showed amplification at AR-En, AR-E1, and AR-E8. Six (14.6%) patients showed independent AR-En amplification, while the remaining 3 (7.3%) demonstrated AR-E8 amplification only. Kaplan–Meier analysis showed overall survival’s association with the amplification of AR-En (p = 0.02, HR = 1.68 (1.07–2.65)), AR-E8 (p = 0.02, HR = 1.78 (1.08–2.92)) and AR-En-E8 (the combination of AR-En and AR-E8 (p = 0.009, HR = 1.77 (1.15–2.73)). Multivariate models that included AR-En-E8 amplification and clinical factors significantly improved prognostic performance (p = 0.0001). With further validation, the multiplex dPCR assay may assist in prognostication of mCRPC patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2139
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalCancers
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Androgen receptor
  • Cell-free DNA
  • Copy number
  • Metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer
  • Multiplex digital PCR
  • Overall survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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