Arterial stiffness is an important biomarker for many cardiovascular diseases. Shear wave elastography is a recent technique aimed at estimating local arterial stiffness using guided wave inversion (GWI), i.e. matching the computed and measured wave dispersion. This paper develops and validates a new GWI approach by synthesizing various recent observations and algorithms: (a) refinements to signal processing to obtain more accurate experimental dispersion curves; (b) an efficient forward model to compute theoretical dispersion curves for immersed, incompressible cylindrical waveguides; (c) an optimization framework based on the recent observation that the measured dispersion curve is multimodal, i.e. it matches for not one but two different wave modes in two different frequency ranges. The resulting inversion approach is validated using extensive experimental data from rubber tube phantoms, not only for modulus estimation but also to simultaneously estimate modulus and wall thickness. The observations indicate that the modulus estimates are best performed with the information on wall thickness. The approach, which takes less than half a minute to run, is shown to be accurate, with the modulus estimated with less than 4% error for 70% of the experiments.
- finite element
- fluid-structure interaction
- inverse problems
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging