Multimodal assessment of disgust in contamination-related obsessive-compulsive disorder

Bunmi O. Olatunji, Jeffrey M. Lohr, Craig Sawchuk, David F. Tolin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

117 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study utilizes multiple methods to examine the relationship between disgust and contamination-related obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms in an analogue sample. Questionnaire findings revealed that participants with high OCD contamination concerns showed stronger disgust sensitivity than did participants with low OCD contamination symptoms after controlling for negative affect. High OCD participants (N=30) also reported significantly more disgust than did low OCD participants (N=30) when exposed to a disgust-inducing video, whereas no significant between-group differences were detected on other negative emotional dimensions. Results from a series of disgust-specific behavioral avoidance tasks (BATs) revealed that high OCD participants demonstrated both less compliance and less approach behavior. Subsequent analysis also revealed that disgust sensitivity generally mediated avoidance on the BATs among high OCD subjects. High OCD participants also rated the BATs as more fearful and disgusting than did low OCD participants, with disgust generally emerging as the dominant emotional response. The results are consistent with a disgust-based, disease-avoidance approach in understanding contamination-related OCD themes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-276
Number of pages14
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Disgust
Contamination
Obsessive-compulsive Disorder
Choice Behavior
Compliance
Avoidance

Keywords

  • Behavioral Avoidance
  • Contamination
  • Disgust
  • Emotions
  • Fear
  • OCD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Multimodal assessment of disgust in contamination-related obsessive-compulsive disorder. / Olatunji, Bunmi O.; Lohr, Jeffrey M.; Sawchuk, Craig; Tolin, David F.

In: Behaviour Research and Therapy, Vol. 45, No. 2, 01.02.2007, p. 263-276.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Olatunji, Bunmi O. ; Lohr, Jeffrey M. ; Sawchuk, Craig ; Tolin, David F. / Multimodal assessment of disgust in contamination-related obsessive-compulsive disorder. In: Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2007 ; Vol. 45, No. 2. pp. 263-276.
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