Multifocal and Accommodating Intraocular Lenses for the Treatment of Presbyopia: A Report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology

Julie M. Schallhorn, Seth M. Pantanelli, Charles C. Lin, Zaina N. Al-Mohtaseb, Walter Allan Steigleman, Marcony R. Santhiago, Timothy W. Olsen, Stephen J. Kim, Aaron M. Waite, Jennifer R. Rose-Nussbaumer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To review the published literature assessing the efficacy and safety of presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses (IOLs) for the treatment of presbyopia after cataract removal. Methods: Literature searches were undertaken in January 2018 and September 2020 in the PubMed, Medline, and Cochrane Library databases. This yielded 761 articles, of which 34 met the criteria for inclusion in this assessment and were assigned a level of evidence rating by the panel methodologist. Thirteen studies were rated level I and 21 studies were rated level II. Results: Presbyopia-correcting lenses were effective at improving distance and near visual acuity after cataract surgery. Near acuity at different focal lengths was related directly to the effective add power of multifocal and extended depth-of-focus (EDOF) IOLs. Most multifocal and EDOF lenses that were compared with a control monofocal lens demonstrated that patient-reported spectacle independence was superior to the monofocal lens. All patients who had multifocal and EDOF lenses implanted showed decreased contrast sensitivity and reported more visual phenomena as compared with control participants who received monofocal lenses. Conclusions: Presbyopia-correcting lenses improve uncorrected near and distance visual acuity and decrease spectacle dependence after cataract surgery. Mesopic contrast sensitivity is decreased compared with monofocal lenses, and patient-reported visual phenomena are more likely in patients receiving multifocal or EDOF lenses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1469-1482
Number of pages14
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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