Multicentre Real-world Experience of Upadacitinib in the Treatment of Crohn's Disease

Rishika Chugh, Manuel B. Braga-Neto, Thomas W. Fredrick, Guilherme P. Ramos, Jonathan Terdiman, Najwa El-Nachef, Edward V. Loftus, Uma Mahadevan, Sunanda V. Kane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: Upadacitinib is a selective Janus kinase inhibitor approved for the management of ulcerative colitis and is under evaluation for the management of Crohn's disease [CD] in Phase 3 clinical trials. AIMS: Our goal was to describe our real-world experience with upadacitinib in CD. METHODS: This is a two-centre retrospective cohort study of adult patients with moderate to severe CD on upadacitinib. The primary outcome was clinical response and remission as determined by stool frequency and abdominal pain scores. Secondary endpoints included endoscopic response and remission as determined by change in Simple Endoscopic Score for CD. Outcomes were assessed at 3 months after starting upadacitinib and at the patient's most recent follow-up. We further evaluated adverse events and dose-related response. RESULTS: A total of 45 CD patients received upadacitinib and were included in the safety analysis. Thirty-six patients received upadacitinib for CD, whereas nine received it for inflammatory arthritis [n = 8] or pyoderma [n = 1]. Thirty-three patients received upadacitinib for 3 months or longer and were included in the efficacy analysis. At the 3-month follow-up, 21 patients achieved clinical response [63.6%] and nine achieved clinical remission [27.2%]. At time of last follow-up, 23 patients had clinical response [69.7%], ten achieved clinical remission [30.3%] and four [28.6%] achieved endoscopic remission. Adverse events occurred in 12 patients [26.7%]. Two patients had a serious adverse event [4.5%] without associated mortality. CONCLUSION: In this real-world cohort of highly refractory CD patients, upadacitinib was effective in inducing remission and had an acceptable safety profile.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)504-512
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Crohn's & colitis
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 19 2023


  • Crohn’s disease
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • Upadacitinib

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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