Multicenter study comparing oncologic outcomes between two nodal assessment methods in patients with deeply invasive endometrioid endometrial carcinoma: A sentinel lymph node algorithm versus a comprehensive pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy

Brooke A. Schlappe, Amy L. Weaver, Jennifer A. Ducie, Ane Gerda Zahl Eriksson, Sean C. Dowdy, William A. Cliby, Gretchen E. Glaser, Robert A. Soslow, Kaled M. Alektiar, Vicky Makker, Nadeem R. Abu-Rustum, Andrea Mariani, Mario M. Leitao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To compare oncologic outcomes in the staging of deeply invasive endometrioid endometrial carcinoma (EEC) using a sentinel lymph node algorithm (SLN) versus pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy to the renal veins (LND); to compare outcomes in node-negative cases. Methods: At two institutions, patients with deeply invasive (≥50% myometrial invasion) EEC were identified. One institution used LND (2004–2008), the other SLN (2005–2013). FIGO stage IV cases were excluded. Clinical characteristics and follow-up data were recorded. Results: 176 patients were identified (LND, 94; SLN, 82). SLN patients were younger (p = 0.003) and had more LVSI (p < 0.001). 9.8% in the SLN and 29.8% in the LND cohorts, respectively, received no adjuvant therapy (p < 0.001). There was no association between type of assessment and recurrence; adjusted hazard ratio (aHR; LND vs. SLN) 0.87 (95%CI 0.40, 1.89) PFS. After controlling for age and adjuvant therapy, there was no association between assessment method and OS (aHR 2.54; 95%CI 0.81, 7.91). The node-negative cohort demonstrated no association between survival and assessment method: aHR 0.69 (95%CI 0.23, 2.03) PFS, 0.81 (95%CI 0.16, 4.22) OS. In the node-negative cohort, neither adjuvant EBRT+/-IVRT (HR 1.63; 95%CI 0.18, 14.97) nor adjuvant chemotherapy+/-EBRT+/-IVRT (HR 0.49; 95%CI 0.11, 2.22) were associated with OS, compared to no adjuvant therapy or IVRT-only. Conclusion: Use of an SLN algorithm in deeply invasive EEC does not impair oncologic outcomes. Survival is excellent in node-negative cases, irrespective of assessment method. Adjuvant chemotherapy in node-negative patients does not appear to impact outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-242
Number of pages8
JournalGynecologic oncology
Volume151
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Deep invasion
  • Endometrial cancer
  • High-risk
  • Sentinel lymph node algorithm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Multicenter study comparing oncologic outcomes between two nodal assessment methods in patients with deeply invasive endometrioid endometrial carcinoma: A sentinel lymph node algorithm versus a comprehensive pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this