Multicenter study comparing oncologic outcomes after lymph node assessment via a sentinel lymph node algorithm versus comprehensive pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy in patients with serous and clear cell endometrial carcinoma

Brooke A. Schlappe, Amy L. Weaver, Michaela E. McGree, Jennifer Ducie, Ane Gerda Zahl Eriksson, Sean C. Dowdy, William A. Cliby, Gretchen E. Glaser, Nadeem R. Abu-Rustum, Andrea Mariani, Mario M. Leitao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To compare survival after nodal assessment using a sentinel lymph node (SLN) algorithm versus comprehensive pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy (LND) in serous or clear cell endometrial carcinoma, and to compare survival in node-negative cases. Methods: Three-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival were compared between one institution that used comprehensive LND to the renal veins and a second institution that used an SLN algorithm with ultra-staging with inverse-probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) derived from propensity scores to adjust for covariate imbalance between cohorts. Results: 214 patients were identified (118 SLN cohort, 96 LND cohort). Adjuvant therapy differed between the cohorts; 84% and 40% in the SLN and LND cohorts, respectively, received chemotherapy ± radiation therapy. The IPTW-adjusted 3-year RFS rates were 69% and 80%, respectively. The IPTW-adjusted 3-year OS rates were 88% and 77%, respectively. The IPTW-adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for the association of surgical approach (SLN vs LND) with progression and death was 1.46 (95% CI: 0.70–3.04) and 0.44 (95% CI: 0.19–1.02), respectively. In the 168 node-negative cases, the IPTW-adjusted 3-year RFS rates were 73% and 91%, respectively. The IPTW-adjusted 3-year OS rates were 88% and 86%, respectively. In this subgroup, IPTW-adjusted HR for the association of surgical approach (SLN vs LND) with progression and death was 3.12 (95% CI: 1.02–9.57) and 0.69 (95% CI: 0.24–1.95), respectively. Conclusion: OS was not compromised with the SLN algorithm. SLN may be associated with a decreased RFS but similar OS in node-negative cases despite the majority receiving chemotherapy. This may be due to differences in surveillance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGynecologic oncology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Clear cell endometrial carcinoma
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Lymphadenectomy
  • Sentinel lymph node
  • Serous endometrial carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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