Multi-segmental postural coordination in professional ballet dancers

Adam W. Kiefer, Michael A. Riley, Kevin Shockley, Candace A. Sitton, Timothy Hewett, Sarah Cummins-Sebree, Jacqui G. Haas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ballet dancers have heightened balance skills, but previous studies that compared dancers to non-dancers have not quantified patterns of multi-joint postural coordination. This study utilized a visual tracking task that required professional ballet dancers and untrained control participants to sway with the fore-aft motion of a target while standing on one leg, at target frequencies of 0.2 and 0.6. Hz. The mean and variability of relative phase between the ankle and hip, and measures from cross-recurrence quantification analysis (i.e., percent cross-recurrence, percent cross-determinism, and cross-maxline), indexed the coordination patterns and their stability. Dancers exhibited less variable ankle-hip coordination and a less deterministic ankle-hip coupling, compared to controls. The results indicate that ballet dancers have increased coordination stability, potentially achieved through enhanced neuromuscular control and/or perceptual sensitivity, and indicate proficiency at optimizing the constraints that enable dancers to perform complex balance tasks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-80
Number of pages5
JournalGait and Posture
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ankle
Hip
Recurrence
Leg
Joints

Keywords

  • Ballet
  • Coordination
  • Cross-recurrence quantification analysis
  • Postural control
  • Relative phase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation
  • Biophysics

Cite this

Kiefer, A. W., Riley, M. A., Shockley, K., Sitton, C. A., Hewett, T., Cummins-Sebree, S., & Haas, J. G. (2011). Multi-segmental postural coordination in professional ballet dancers. Gait and Posture, 34(1), 76-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.03.016

Multi-segmental postural coordination in professional ballet dancers. / Kiefer, Adam W.; Riley, Michael A.; Shockley, Kevin; Sitton, Candace A.; Hewett, Timothy; Cummins-Sebree, Sarah; Haas, Jacqui G.

In: Gait and Posture, Vol. 34, No. 1, 05.2011, p. 76-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kiefer, AW, Riley, MA, Shockley, K, Sitton, CA, Hewett, T, Cummins-Sebree, S & Haas, JG 2011, 'Multi-segmental postural coordination in professional ballet dancers', Gait and Posture, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 76-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.03.016
Kiefer AW, Riley MA, Shockley K, Sitton CA, Hewett T, Cummins-Sebree S et al. Multi-segmental postural coordination in professional ballet dancers. Gait and Posture. 2011 May;34(1):76-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.03.016
Kiefer, Adam W. ; Riley, Michael A. ; Shockley, Kevin ; Sitton, Candace A. ; Hewett, Timothy ; Cummins-Sebree, Sarah ; Haas, Jacqui G. / Multi-segmental postural coordination in professional ballet dancers. In: Gait and Posture. 2011 ; Vol. 34, No. 1. pp. 76-80.
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