Multi-institutional retrospective analysis of FOLFIRI in patients with advanced biliary tract cancers

Jonathan D. Mizrahi, Valerie Gunchick, Kabir Mody, Lianchun Xiao, Phanikeerthi Surapaneni, Rachna T. Shroff, Vaibhav Sahai

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Abstract

BACKGROUND Gemcitabine plus platinum is the standard of care first-line treatment for advanced biliary tract cancers (BTC). There is no established second-line therapy, and retrospective reviews report median progression-free survival (PFS) less than 3 mo on second-line therapy. 5-Fluorouracil plus irinotecan (FOLFIRI) is a commonly used regimen in patients with BTC who have progressed on gemcitabine plus platinum, though there is a paucity of data regarding its efficacy in this population. AIM To assess the efficacy of FOLFIRI in patients with biliary tract cancers. METHODS We retrospectively identified patients with advanced BTC who were treated with FOLFIRI at MD Anderson, University of Michigan and Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville. Data were collected on patient demographics, BTC subtype, response per RECIST v1.1, progression and survival. RESULTS Ninety-eight patients were included of which 74 (75%) had metastatic and 24 (25%) had locally advanced disease at the time of treatment with FOLFIRI. The median age was 60 (range, 22-86) years. The number of patients with extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, gall bladder cancer and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma were 10, 17 and 71, respectively. FOLFIRI was used as 1st, 2nd, 3rd or 4th-Nth lines in 8, 50, 36 and 4 patients, respectively. Median duration on FOLFIRI in the entire cohort was 2.2 (range, 0.5-8.4) mo. The median PFS and overall survival were 2.4 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.7-3.1) and 6.6 (95%CI: 4.7-8.4) mo, respectively. Median PFS for patients treated with FOLFIRI in 1st, 2nd, 3rd or 4th-Nth lines were 3.1, 2.5, 2.3 and 1.5 mo, respectively. Eighteen patients received concurrent bevacizumab (n = 13) or EGFR-targeted therapy (n = 5) with FOLFIRI, with a median PFS of 2.7 mo (95%CI: 1.7-5.1). CONCLUSION In this largest multi-institution retrospective review of 98 patients with BTC treated with FOLFIRI, efficacy appears to be modest with outcomes similar to other cytotoxic chemotherapy regimens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-91
Number of pages9
JournalWorld Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2020

Keywords

  • Biliary tract neoplasms
  • Cholangiocarcinoma
  • Fluorouracil
  • Irinotecan
  • Retrospective studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Gastroenterology

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