Focal electrical stimulation of the brain incites a cascade of neural activity that propagates from the stimulated region to both nearby and remote areas, offering the potential to control the activity of brain networks. Understanding how exogenous electrical signals perturb such networks in humans is key to its clinical translation. To investigate this, we applied electrical stimulation to subregions of the medial temporal lobe in 26 neurosurgical patients fitted with indwelling electrodes. Networks of low-frequency (5-13 Hz) spectral coherence predicted stimulation-evoked changes in theta (5-8 Hz) power, but only when stimulation was applied in or adjacent to white matter. Furthermore, these power changes aligned with control-theoretic predictions of how exogenous stimulation flows through complex networks, such as a dispersal of induced activity when functional hubs are targeted. Our results demonstrate that functional connectivity is predictive of causal changes in the brain, but that access to structural connections is necessary to observe such effects.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)