Ca2+ dyshomeostasis is a contributing factor to the development and progression of neurodegenerative disease. Plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPases (PMCAs) are responsible for setting intracellular Ca2+ levels and may be involved in the dynamic processing of Ca2+ loads in normal and pathological conditions. In situ hybridization was employed to determine the expression pattern of the four human PMCA isoforms in the human hippocampus. PMCA1 and 3 mRNAs were weakly expressed throughout the hippocampal formation, whereas PMCA2 and 4 mRNA expression showed distinct regional differences, with increased levels in CA2 and the dentate gyrus. Differential expression of PMCA isoforms may reflect cellular differences in Ca2+-handling properties and provide a partial explanation for the differential susceptibility of hippocampal neurons to Ca2+-mediated cell death.
- Calcium homeostasis
- Hybridization, in situ
- Neuronal cell death
- Plasma membrane calcium ATPase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience