Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become an accurate noninvasive imaging procedure for the study of postischaemic residual cardiac function, thanks to the evolution of MRI machines, postprocessing software and, above all, sequences. After infarction, and in chronic myocardial ischaemia, the degree of contractile dysfunction is one of the main determinants of long-term survival. The identification and quantification of viable dysfunctional myocardium and the possibility of improving its contractility after revascularisation improves patient prognosis and quality of life. In current clinical practice, myocardial viability is evaluated with stress echocardiography and nuclear methods. Thanks to its intrinsic characteristics and to the delayed-enhancement technique (DE-MRI), MRI has recently emerged as the only noninvasive modality able to provide a three-dimensional (3D) evaluation of cardiac viability with a multiparametric approach.
- Delayed enhancement
- Myocardial viability
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging