MR imaging of the spleen

Spectrum of abnormalities

Khaled M. Elsayes, Vamsidhar R. Narra, Govind Mukundan, James S. Lewis, Christine O. Menias, Jay Heiken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

119 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The spleen has the same relationship to the circulatory system that the lymph nodes have to the lymphatic system. A wide range of diseases can affect the spleen. Pathologic conditions of the spleen can be classified into the following categories: congenital diseases (accessory spleen, polysplenia, and asplenia); trauma; inflammation (abscess, candidiasis, histoplasmosis, and sarcoidosis); vascular disorders (infarction, diseases affecting the splenic vasculature, and arteriovenous malformation); hematologic disorders (sickle cell disease and extramedullary hematopoiesis); benign tumors (cysts, hemangioma, diffuse hemangiomatosis of the spleen, and hamartoma); malignant tumors (sarcoma, lymphoma, and metastases); and other disease processes that affect the spleen diffusely (portal hypertension, Gaucher disease, and sickle cell disease) or focally (Gamna-Gandy nodules). New magnetic resonance (MR) imaging techniques have increased the role of MR imaging in detection and characterization of splenic diseases. MR imaging is an excellent tool for diagnosis and evaluation of focal lesions and pathologic conditions of the spleen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)967-982
Number of pages16
JournalRadiographics
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Spleen
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Splenic Diseases
Sickle Cell Anemia
Extramedullary Hematopoiesis
Gaucher Disease
Lymphatic System
Histoplasmosis
Hamartoma
Candidiasis
Arteriovenous Malformations
Portal Hypertension
Hemangioma
Sarcoidosis
Cardiovascular System
Sarcoma
Abscess
Infarction
Blood Vessels
Cysts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Elsayes, K. M., Narra, V. R., Mukundan, G., Lewis, J. S., Menias, C. O., & Heiken, J. (2005). MR imaging of the spleen: Spectrum of abnormalities. Radiographics, 25(4), 967-982. https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.254045154

MR imaging of the spleen : Spectrum of abnormalities. / Elsayes, Khaled M.; Narra, Vamsidhar R.; Mukundan, Govind; Lewis, James S.; Menias, Christine O.; Heiken, Jay.

In: Radiographics, Vol. 25, No. 4, 01.01.2005, p. 967-982.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Elsayes, KM, Narra, VR, Mukundan, G, Lewis, JS, Menias, CO & Heiken, J 2005, 'MR imaging of the spleen: Spectrum of abnormalities', Radiographics, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 967-982. https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.254045154
Elsayes KM, Narra VR, Mukundan G, Lewis JS, Menias CO, Heiken J. MR imaging of the spleen: Spectrum of abnormalities. Radiographics. 2005 Jan 1;25(4):967-982. https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.254045154
Elsayes, Khaled M. ; Narra, Vamsidhar R. ; Mukundan, Govind ; Lewis, James S. ; Menias, Christine O. ; Heiken, Jay. / MR imaging of the spleen : Spectrum of abnormalities. In: Radiographics. 2005 ; Vol. 25, No. 4. pp. 967-982.
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