Non-invasive evaluation of liver fibrosis has evolved over the last couple of decades. Currently, elastography techniques are the most widely used non-invasive methods for clinical evaluation of chronic liver disease (CLD). MR elastography (MRE) of the liver has been used in the clinical practice for nearly a decade and continues to be widely accepted for detection and staging of liver fibrosis. With MRE, one can directly visualize propagating shear waves through the liver and an inversion algorithm in the scanner automatically converts the shear wave properties into an elastogram (stiffness map) on which liver stiffness can be calculated. The commonly used MRE method, two-dimensional gradient recalled echo (2D-GRE) sequence has produced excellent results in the evaluation of liver fibrosis in CLD from various etiologies and newer clinical indications continue to emerge. Advances in MRE technique, including 3D MRE, automated liver elasticity calculation, improvements in shear wave delivery and patient experience, are promising to provide a faster and more reliable MRE of liver. Innovations, including evaluation of mechanical parameters, such as loss modulus, displacement, and volumetric strain, are promising for comprehensive evaluation of CLD as well as understanding pathophysiology, and in differentiating various etiologies of CLD. In this review, the current status of the MRE of liver in CLD are outlined and followed by a brief description of advanced techniques and innovations in MRE of liver.
- 3D MRE
- Damping ratio
- Liver fibrosis
- Volumetric strain
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging