MR Elastography-Based Shear Strain Mapping for Assessment of Microvascular Invasion in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Mengsi Li, Ziying Yin, Bing Hu, Ning Guo, Linqi Zhang, Lina Zhang, Jie Zhu, Wenying Chen, Meng Yin, Jun Chen, Richard L. Ehman, Jin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the potential of MR elastography (MRE)–based shear strain mapping to noninvasively predict the presence of microvascular invasion (MVI) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: Fifty-nine histopathology-proven HCC patients with conventional 60-Hz MRE examinations (+/−MVI, n = 34/25) were enrolled retrospectively between December 2016 and October 2019, with one subgroup comprising 29/59 patients (+/−MVI, n = 16/13) who also underwent 40- and 30-Hz MRE examinations. Octahedral shear strain (OSS) maps were calculated, and the percentage of peritumoral interface length with low shear strain (i.e., a low-shear-strain length, pLSL, %) was recorded. For OSS-pLSL, differences between the MVI (+) and MVI (−) groups and diagnostic performance at different MRE frequencies were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney test and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), respectively. Results: The peritumor OSS-pLSL was significantly higher in the MVI (+) group than in the MVI (−) group at the three frequencies (all p < 0.01). The AUC of peritumor OSS-pLSL for predicting MVI was good/excellent in all frequency groups (60-Hz: 0.73 (n = 59)/0.80 (n = 29); 40-Hz: 0.84; 30-Hz: 0.90). On further analysis of the 29 cases with all frequencies, the AUCs were not significantly different. As the frequency decreased from 60-Hz, the specificity of OSS increased at 40-Hz (53.8–61.5%) and further increased at 30-Hz (53.8–76.9%), and the sensitivity remained high at lower frequencies (100.0–93.8%) (all p > 0.05). Conclusions: MRE-based shear strain mapping is a promising technique for noninvasively predicting the presence of MVI in patients with HCC, and the most recommended frequency for OSS is 30-Hz. Key Points: • MR elastography (MRE)–based shear strain mapping has the potential to predict the presence of microvascular invasion (MVI) in hepatocellular carcinoma preoperatively. • The low interface shear strain identified at tumor–liver boundaries was highly correlated with the presence of MVI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEuropean radiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Elasticity imaging techniques
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Magnetic resonance
  • Tissue adhesions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'MR Elastography-Based Shear Strain Mapping for Assessment of Microvascular Invasion in Hepatocellular Carcinoma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this