Objective: Histamine N-methyltransferase (HNMT) catalyzes the Nτ-methylation of histamine. We set out to clone a mouse liver HNMT cDNA and the mouse HNMT gene as steps toward characterizing molecular genetic mechanisms involved in the regulation of this important histamine-metabolizing enzyme. Design: A PCR-based strategy was used to clone both the mouse HNMT cDNA and the gene encoding that cDNA, Hnmt. The cDNA was used both to express recombinant mouse HNMT and to determine the chromosomal localization of Hnmt. Results: The mouse liver HNMT cDNA was 1657 bp in length with an 888 bp open reading frame (ORF) that encoded a 296 amino acid protein with a predicted Mr value of approximately 32.5 kDa. The amino acid sequence of the encoded protein was 84 % identical to that of human kidney HNMT. Mouse HNMT was expressed in COS-1 cells, and its apparent Km values for histamine and S-adenosyl-L-methionine (Ado-Met), the two cosubstrates for the reaction, were 5.3 and 5.8 μM, respectively. The mouse HNMT gene, Hnmt, spanned approximately 25 kb and had 7 exons. Its structure differed from that of the human gene primarily by the presence of an additional exon at the 5′-terminus. Hnmt mapped to mouse chromosome 2 in an area of conserved synteny to human chromosome 2q, the location of the human gene (2q22) on the basis of fluorescence in situ hybridization. Conclusions: Cloning and functional characterization of the mouse HNMT cDNA and gene will now make it possible to study in the mouse molecular genetic mechanisms involved the regulation of this important histamine-metabolizing enzyme.
- Histamine N-methyltransferase
- Mouse cDNA
- Mouse gene
ASJC Scopus subject areas