Motor Dysfunction of the Small Bowel and Colon in Patients with the Carcinoid Syndrome and Diarrhea

Manfred R.Von Der Ohe, Michael Camilleri, Larry K. Kvols, George M. Thomforde

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146 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pathophysiology of diarrhea in patients with the carcinoid syndrome is not understood. Possible causes include tumor production of neurohumoral substances, such as serotonin and substance P, which stimulate small-bowel and colonic motility, and intestinal abnormalities, such as lymphangiectasia and bacterial overgrowth. We undertook this study to determine whether carcinoid diarrhea is associated with abnormal motor function in the small intestine and colon. We measured the gastric, small-bowel, and colonic transit of radiolabeled solid residue and estimated the volume of the ascending colon in 16 patients with the carcinoid syndrome and diarrhea and 16 normal subjects. We also measured colonic tone and phasic pressure activity by intracolonic multilumen manometry and with an electronic barostat in seven patients and six normal subjects. The patients with the carcinoid syndrome had elevated 24-hour urinary excretion of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid and elevated fasting plasma serotonin concentrations. Transit times in the small bowel and colon were two times (P<0.001) and six times (P = 0.001) faster in the patients than in the normal subjects. The volume of the ascending colon was approximately 50 percent smaller in the patients than in the normal subjects (P<0.001). The patients had normal fasting colonic tone; their mean postprandial colonic tone was markedly increased as compared with the values in the normal subjects (mean increase, 41 percent vs. 24 percent; P = 0.03). Patients with the carcinoid syndrome who have diarrhea have major alterations in gut motor function that affect both the small intestine and colon., Diarrhea occurs in 80 percent of patients with the carcinoid syndrome13. Its pathophysiology is poorly understood, but it probably is multifactorial. A variety of tumor products, including serotonin, substance P, histamine, kallikrein, and prostaglandins,4,5 can stimulate peristalsis, electromechanical activity, and tone in the intestine610. Malabsorption may result from intestinal resection, lymphangiectasia due to mesenteric fibrosis, bacterial overgrowth above a tumor partially obstructing the small bowel, or rapid intestinal transit11. Quantitative data on gut motor function in patients with the carcinoid syndrome are limited, but two patients were found to have abnormal motility of the…

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1073-1078
Number of pages6
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Volume329
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 7 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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