Motivation to modify lifestyle risk behaviors in women treated for breast cancer

Bernardine M. Pinto, Nancy C. Maruyama, Matthew M Clark, Dean G. Cruess, Elyse Park, Mary Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine motivators of health behaviors (relevant to risk for chronic disease and cancer recurrence) after a cancer diagnosis. Patients and Methods: Eighty-six women who had been treated for breast cancer (mean age, 54.8 years; median time since diagnosis, 23.5 months) participated in this cross-sectional study (1997-1998). Respondents completed a questionnaire assessing overweight or obesity status, dietary fat intake, energy expenditure, motivational readiness for exercise and weight loss, and variables associated with readiness for exercise adoption and weight loss. Results: Forty-six women (54%) were overweight or obese, and 47 women (55%) reported dietary fat intake of 30% or higher. Sixty-one women (72%) were in action/maintenance stages for exercise adoption. A majority believed that diet and exercise can change the course of cancer. Overweight and obese women in the Sample were more likely to be in early stages of motivational readiness for weight loss, and they reported significantly lower exercise self-efficacy and lower eating self-efficacy than their nonoverweight peers. However, they endorsed more benefits associated with weight loss than the nonoverweight subgroup. Thirty-three women (39%) reported both a low-fat diet and exercising at recommended levels. Conclusions: Only a minority of respondents reported consuming a diet low in fat and exercising at recommended levels, which suggests a need to improve both diet and exercise behaviors among women treated for breast cancer. Overweight and obese women reported low self-efficacy for exercise and eating, suggesting that interventions should focus on increasing self-efficacy for behavior change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-129
Number of pages8
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Volume77
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002

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Risk-Taking
Life Style
Motivation
Breast Neoplasms
Exercise
Self Efficacy
Weight Loss
Fat-Restricted Diet
Dietary Fats
Eating
Diet
Neoplasms
Health Behavior
Energy Metabolism
Chronic Disease
Obesity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Maintenance
Recurrence
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Pinto, B. M., Maruyama, N. C., Clark, M. M., Cruess, D. G., Park, E., & Roberts, M. (2002). Motivation to modify lifestyle risk behaviors in women treated for breast cancer. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 77(2), 122-129.

Motivation to modify lifestyle risk behaviors in women treated for breast cancer. / Pinto, Bernardine M.; Maruyama, Nancy C.; Clark, Matthew M; Cruess, Dean G.; Park, Elyse; Roberts, Mary.

In: Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Vol. 77, No. 2, 2002, p. 122-129.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pinto, BM, Maruyama, NC, Clark, MM, Cruess, DG, Park, E & Roberts, M 2002, 'Motivation to modify lifestyle risk behaviors in women treated for breast cancer', Mayo Clinic Proceedings, vol. 77, no. 2, pp. 122-129.
Pinto BM, Maruyama NC, Clark MM, Cruess DG, Park E, Roberts M. Motivation to modify lifestyle risk behaviors in women treated for breast cancer. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2002;77(2):122-129.
Pinto, Bernardine M. ; Maruyama, Nancy C. ; Clark, Matthew M ; Cruess, Dean G. ; Park, Elyse ; Roberts, Mary. / Motivation to modify lifestyle risk behaviors in women treated for breast cancer. In: Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2002 ; Vol. 77, No. 2. pp. 122-129.
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