Motion artifacts in subsecond conventional CT and electronbeam CT: Pictorial demonstration of temporal resolution

Cynthia H. McCollough, Michael R. Bruesewitz, Timothy R. Daly, Frank E. Zink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

To visually demonstrate the effective temporal resolution of subsecond conventional (slip-ring) and electron-beam computed tomographic (CT) systems, two phantoms containing high-contrast test objects were scanned with a slip-ring CT system (effective exposure time, 0.5 second) and an electron-beam CT system (exposure time, 0.1 second). Images were acquired of each phantom at rest, during translation along the x axis at speeds of 10-100 mm/sec, and during rotation about isocenter at speeds of 0.1 and 0.5 revolution per second. Motion artifacts and loss of spatial resolution were judged to be absent, noticeable, or severe. For 0.5-second conventional CT images, motion artifacts and loss of spatial resolution were noticeable at 10 mm/sec and 0.1 revolution per second and were severe at speeds greater than or equal to 20 mm/sec and at 0.5 revolution per second. For 0.1-second electron-beam CT scans, noticeable, but not severe, motion artifacts and loss of spatial resolution occurred at speeds between 40 and 100 mm/sec and at 0.5 revolution per second. Over the range of physiologic speeds examined, the images provide visually compelling evidence of the effect of improving temporal resolution in CT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1675-1681
Number of pages7
JournalRadiographics
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Keywords

  • Computed tomography (CT), artifact
  • Computed tomography (CT), electron beam
  • Computed tomography (CT), image quality
  • Phantoms
  • Test objects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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