Motilin and OHM-11526 activate a calcium current in human and canine jejunal circular smooth muscle

G. Farrugia, M. J. Macielag, T. L. Peeters, M. G. Sarr, A. Galdes, J. H. Szurszewski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Motilin is a potent agonist for gastrointestinal smooth muscle contraction and has been proposed to regulate the onset of phase III of the migrating motor complex in dogs and humans. The effects of motilin and OHM- 11526, a motilin antagonist in rabbit smooth muscle strips, were examined in isolated canine and human jejunal circular smooth muscle cells using whole cell patch-clamp techniques with Ba2+ as the charge carrier. Effects of both drugs en inward current through L-type Ca2+ channels (I(Cal)) in both canine and human cells were first observed at 10-8 M. At 10-6 M, motilin increased I(CaL) in canine and human jejunal circular smooth muscle cells by 43 ± 20 and 45 ± 11%, respectively, and OHM-11526 increased I(CaL) by 54 ± 8 and 54 ± 14%, respectively. The increase in inward current was blocked by nifedipine and by guanosine 5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate) but not by pertussis toxin. Washout of both drugs resulted in a further increase in I(CaL). These data suggest that both motilin and OHM-11526 activate an I(CaL) in human and canine jejunal circular smooth muscle cells through a G protein-coupled mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)G404-G412
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume273
Issue number2 36-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • G proteins
  • Ion channels
  • Patch clamp
  • Smooth muscle contraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)

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