Morphologic Features of ALK-negative Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphomas With DUSP22 Rearrangements

Rebecca King, Linda N. Dao, Ellen McPhail, Elaine S. Jaffe, Jonathan Said, Steven H. Swerdlow, Christopher A. Sattler, Rhett P. Ketterling, Jagmohan S. Sidhu, Eric D. Hsi, Shridevi Karikehalli, Liuyan Jiang, Sarah E. Gibson, Sarah L. Ondrejka, Alina Nicolae, William R. Macon, Surendra Dasari, Edgardo Parrilla Castellar, Andrew L Feldman

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Abstract

Systemic anaplastic large cell lymphomas (ALCLs) are classified into ALK-positive and ALK-negative types. We recently reported that ALK-negative ALCLs are genetically heterogenous. The largest subset, representing 30% of cases, had rearrangements of the DUSP22 locus. These cases had favorable outcomes similar to ALK-positive ALCL, and superior to other ALK-negative ALCLs. Here, we examined the morphologic features of these cases in more detail. First, we conducted blinded review of hematoxylin and eosin slides of 108 ALCLs from our previous study, scoring cases for the presence of 3 histologic patterns and 5 cell types. Cases then were unblinded and re-reviewed to understand these features further. DUSP22-rearranged ALCLs were more likely than other ALK-negative ALCLs to have so-called doughnut cells (23% vs. 5%; P=0.039), less likely to have pleomorphic cells (23% vs. 49%; P=0.042), and nearly always (95%) had areas with sheet-like growth (common pattern). To examine the reproducibility of these findings, we conducted blinded review of hematoxylin and eosin slides of 46 additional ALK-negative ALCLs using a 0 to 3 scoring system to predict likelihood of DUSP22 rearrangement, the results of which correlated strongly with subsequent findings by fluorescence in situ hybridization (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgical Pathology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Sep 16 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

King, R., Dao, L. N., McPhail, E., Jaffe, E. S., Said, J., Swerdlow, S. H., Sattler, C. A., Ketterling, R. P., Sidhu, J. S., Hsi, E. D., Karikehalli, S., Jiang, L., Gibson, S. E., Ondrejka, S. L., Nicolae, A., Macon, W. R., Dasari, S., Castellar, E. P., & Feldman, A. L. (Accepted/In press). Morphologic Features of ALK-negative Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphomas With DUSP22 Rearrangements. American Journal of Surgical Pathology. https://doi.org/10.1097/PAS.0000000000000500