We present a predictive model of the depolarization ratio of backscattered linearly polarized light from spatially continuous refractive index media that is applicable to the sub-diffusion regime of light scattering. Using Monte Carlo simulations, we derived a simple relationship between the depolarization ratio and both the sample optical properties and illumination-collection geometry. Our model was validated on tissue simulating phantoms and found to be in good agreement. We further show the utility of this model by demonstrating its use for measuring the depolarization length from biological tissue in vivo. We expect our results to aid in the interpretation of the depolarization ratio from sub-diffusive reflectance measurements.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics