Reduced monocyte HLA-DR expression and increased neutrophil CD64 expression have been proposed as biomarkers of infection.Methods:From 2009-2011, blood samples from neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and pediatric intensive care unit (ICU) patients <1 y of age were collected at enrollment and during subsequent evaluation for suspected infection, if it occurred. Samples were analyzed for monocyte HLA-DR and neutrophil CD64 expression levels by flow cytometry.Results:Forty-seven infants had study samples collected at enrollment; 26 infants had study samples collected at the time of a suspected infection. At enrollment, there was an inverse relationship between neutrophil CD64 expression and age (P ≤ 0.047). At the time of suspected infection, infants with an infection demonstrated a lower percentage of HLA-DR+ monocytes (P = 0.02, area under the curve (AUC) 0.78), higher percentage of CD64+ neutrophils (P = 0.009, AUC 0.81), and higher neutrophil CD64 expression levels (P = 0.04, AUC 0.75).Conclusion:Monocyte HLA-DR and neutrophil CD64 expression in critically ill infants are related to age and infection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health