Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDMS) is an inflammatory disease associated with HLA-DR3. We therefore undertook molecular genetic studies of HLA region genes to determine whether HLA-DR3 itself confers susceptibility to JDMS or whether susceptibility is conferred by alleles in linkage disequilibrium with HLA-DR3. Our results indicate that JDMS is associated with the HLA-DQA1 allele DQA1*0501 on non-DR3 haplotypes in Caucasian JDMS. Furthermore, the reported of association between the C4A gene deletion and JDMS is likely due to linkage disequilibrium with HLA-DR3. Human Immunology 32, 235-240 (1991).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy