We present here the full-length cDNA sequence and genomic structure of the mouse homologue of the tumor-associated mucin, MUC1. This mucin (previously called polymorphic epithelial mucin) is present at the apical surface of most glandular epithelial cells. The mouse gene, Muc-1, encodes an integral membrane protein with 40% of its coding capacity made up of serine, threonine, and proline, a composition typical of a highly O-glycosylated protein. The mucin core protein consists of an amino-terminal signal sequence, a tandem repeat domain encoding 16 repeats of 20-21 amino acids, and unique sequence containing transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains. Homology with the human protein is only 34% in the tandem repeat domain, mainly showing conservation of serines and threonines, presumed sites of O-linked carbohydrate attachment. Homology rises to 87% in the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains, suggesting that these regions may be functionally important. The pattern of expression of the mouse mucin is very similar to that of its human counterpart and accordingly the two promoter regions share high homology, 74%, although previously identified potential hormone-responsive elements are not conserved. Interestingly, the mouse homologue, unlike its human counterpart does not exhibit a variable number tandem repeat polymorphism. We present evidence that suggests that the mouse gene was at one time polymorphic but has mutated away from this state.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology