Molecular characterization of de novo secondary trisomy 13

Lisa G. Shaffer, Christopher McCaskill, Jin Yeong Han, K. H.Andy Choo, Denise M. Cutillo, Alan E. Donnenfeld, Lester Weiss, Daniel L. Van Dyke

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Abstract

Unbalanced Robertsonian translocations are a significant cause of mental retardation and fetal wastage. The majority of homologous rearrangements of chromosome 21 in Down syndrome have been shown to be isochromosomes. Aside from chromosome 21, very little is known about other acrocentric homologous rearrangements. In this study, four cases of de novo secondary trisomy 13 are presented. FISH using alpha-satellite sequences, rDNA, and a pTRI-6 satellite I sequence specific to the short arm of chromosome 13 showed all four rearrangements to be dicentric and apparently devoid of ribosomal genes. Three of four rearrangements retained the pTRI-6 satellite I sequence. Case 1 was the exception, showing a deletion of this sequence in the rearrangement, although both parental chromosomes 13 had strong positive hybridization signals. Eleven microsatellite markers from chromosome 13 were also used to characterize the rearrangements. Of the four possible outcomes, one maternal Robertsonian translocation, two paternal isochromosomes, and one maternal isochromosome were observed. A double recombination was observed in the maternally derived rob(13q13q). No recombination events were detected in any isochromosome. The parental origins and molecular chromosomal structure of these cases are compared with previous studies of de novo acrocentric rearrangements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)968-974
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of human genetics
Volume55
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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    Shaffer, L. G., McCaskill, C., Han, J. Y., Choo, K. H. A., Cutillo, D. M., Donnenfeld, A. E., Weiss, L., & Van Dyke, D. L. (1994). Molecular characterization of de novo secondary trisomy 13. American journal of human genetics, 55(5), 968-974.