Overexpression of a transforming growth factor a (TGF-α) transgene induced the development of liver tumors in 69 of 93 (74%) adult male mice. To identify factors associated with oncogenesis, liver tumors from transgenic animals were characterized at the molecular level. TGF-α RNA transcripts were elevated in 17 of 25 (68%) liver tumors, relative to adjacent nontumorous tissue. Expression of the endogenous c-myc and insulin-like growth factor II genes was enhanced in 7 of 19 (37%) and 12 of 16 (75%) tumors, respectively. In contrast, epidermal growth factor receptor RNA levels were unchanged or reduced in all liver tu-mors, and mutations were not detected in either the Ha-ras or Ki-ros genes. The occurrence of liver tumors in castrated TGF-α transgenic mice was reduced about 7-fold, while in ovariectomized transgenic ani-mals the incidence was increased about 6-fold. The progeny of a cross between CD 1-derived TGF-α transgenic (MT42) and C57BL/6 mice exhibited no reduction in tumor burden (83%); however, the incidence of tumor formation in MT42 x FVB/N offspring was substantially lower (19%). We conclude that in these transgenic mice TGF-α promotes tumor formation and appears to play a major role in tumor progression. Moreover, other factors that may collaborate in TGF-α-Snduced hepatocarcinogenesis include c-myc, insulin-like growth factor II, sex hormones, and the genetic background upon which the transgene operates.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Oct 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research