Molecular analysis of antigen receptor variable region repertoires in T lymphocytes infiltrating the intrathyroidal and extrathyroidal manifestations in patients with Graves' disease

A. E. Heufelder, H. D. Schworm, B. E. Wenzel, J. A. Garrity, Rebecca S. Bahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine whether T cells infiltrating thyroid, orbital and pretibial tissue of patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) and pretibial dermopathy (PTD) represent a primary immune response that is directed against certain antigenic determinants shared between these involved tissues, we characterized these T cells at the molecular level. T cell antigen receptor (TcR) variable (V) region gene usage in thyroid, orbital, pretibial tissue and peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with GD, GO and PTD was assessed using RT-PCR and 22 Vα and 23 Vβ gene-specific oligonucleotide primers, followed by Southern hybridization analysis using TcR C-region-specific, digoxigenin-labelled oligonucleotide probes. In some instances, CDR3- and junctional regions of TcR Vβ genes were sequenced. Marked restriction and similarities of Vα and Vβ gene usage were detected in samples derived from patients with active GO and PTD of recent onset. Moreover, sequence analysis of junctional domains of Vβ families revealed oligoclonality of some intrathyroidal, orbital and pretibial T cell populations as well as the presence of conserved junctional motifs shared by T cells derived the thyroid gland and the extrathyroidal sites. These data suggest that similar antigenic determinants may be responsible for the recruitment and oligoclonal expansion of T cells both within the thyroid gland and at the involved extrathyroidal sites in Graves' disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-87
Number of pages4
JournalExperimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes
Volume104
Issue numberSUPPL. 4
StatePublished - Dec 23 1996

Keywords

  • Graves' disease
  • Ophthalmopathy
  • Pretibial myxedema
  • Sequence analysis
  • T cell antigen receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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