The pericardium is characterized by a two-layer sac that surrounds the heart and provides an enclosed, lubricated space. Diseases of the pericardium may occur due to active inflammation, scar, calcification or effusion. While clinical, ECG and hemodynamic evaluation have been the established methods for the diagnosis of pericardial disease, advances in cardiac computed tomography and cardiovascular MRI provide complementary tools for diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic assessment.
- cardiac computed tomography
- cardiovascular magnetic resonance
- pericardial disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine