Mixed incontinence and cystocele: Postoperative urge symptoms are not predicted by preoperative urodynamics

Christopher E. Wolter, Melissa R. Kaufman, John W. Duffy, Harriette M. Scarpero, Roger R. Dmochowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) frequently presents with urinary incontinence, either urge (UUI), stress (SUI), or mixed (MUI). We sought to determine the effect of high-grade prolapse repair on MUI. Methods: A retrospective review was performed for 111 patients with anterior POP repair and sling over 4 years. Results: Sixty patients (54%) presented symptomatically with MUI, 25% with SUI, and 9% with UUI, 12% asymptomatic. Occult SUI was found in 21% (UUI plus asymptomatic). Success was seen for SUI in 92% and for POP in 89%. Urge symptoms were present in 63% pre-op and 30% post-op. MUI patients were significantly more likely to experience post-op urgency (p = 0.033). Detrusor overactivity (DO) was seen in 22 MUI patients, but was not predictive of post-op urgency (p = 0.91). Conclusions: Cystocele patients with MUI are at significant risk for postoperative urge symptoms regardless of DO, and counseling regarding persistent urgency is imperative.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-325
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

Keywords

  • Cystocele
  • Mixed incontinence
  • Urgency
  • Urodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Urology

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