Mitoxantrone dose augmentation utilizing filgrastim support in combination with fixed-dose 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin in women with metastatic breast cancer

James N. Ingle, Carl G. Kardinal, Vera J. Suman, Michael H. Veeder, Paul L. Schaefer, Ronnie J. Kirschling, James A. Mailliard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Based on reports of substantial antitumor efficacy of the combination of mitoxantrone (DHAD), 5-fluorouracil (FU) and leucovorin (LV), a clinical trial was performed to attempt augmentation of the dose of DHAD with filgrastim support. The doses and schedules, all intravenous, were DHAD (total dose divided over days 1 and 2), level I, 16 mg/m2; II, 20 mg/m2; III, 24 mg/m2; IV, 32 mg/m2; and LV, 300 mg, followed by FU, 350 mg/m2, on days 1-3. Filgrastim was given at 5 μg/kg/day subcutaneously on days 4-13. The planned cycle length was 21 days. Three or 4 patients were to be entered at each dose level and the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was defined as the dose immediately below that which resulted in 2 patients with dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) in cycle 1. Once an apparent MTD was identified, an additional 6 patients were to be entered. Twenty patients (pts) were entered: level I: 3 pts; II: 3 pts; III: 10 pts; IV: 4 pts. The major toxicity was found to be cumulative thrombocytopenia with platelet counts ≤ 20,000/μL occurring after cycle 1 at all levels beyond level I and five pts (25%) were removed from treatment solely because of platelet toxicity. Additional serious toxicities included grade 4 stomatitis in one patient (level IV) and cardiac toxicity in 2 patients with prior doxorubicin exposure. Ten pts had measurable and 8 had evaluable disease, and in 17 pts assessed, 5 (29%) achieved an objective response. The response rates in this study are lower than reported in the literature for the combination of DHAD, 5FU, LV and this may be related to the fact that only 40% of the patients were removed from protocol treatment because of disease progression. On the basis of limited DHAD-dose augmentation, toxicities observed, and modest response rate, the filgrastim-supported DHAD, 5FU, LV regimen as utilized in this study cannot be recommended for further development for treatment of women with metastatic breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-200
Number of pages8
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 6 1997

Keywords

  • 5-Fluorouracil
  • Breast cancer
  • CSFs
  • Chemotherapy
  • Filgrastim
  • Leucovorin
  • Metastatic
  • Mitoxantrone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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