The mitotic effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF) were investigated in two cultured fibroblast lines, BALB/C-3T3 and C3H 10T1/2 cells. EGF (30 ng/ml) added to quiescent 3T3 cells in medium containing either platelet-poor plasma or 10-5 M insulin caused only minimal increases in the percentage of cells stimulated to initiate DNA synthesis. In contrast, EGF acted synergistically with either insulin or plasma to stimulate DNA synthesis in quiescent cultures of 10T1/2 cells, although the maximum effects of EGF were measured at concentrations several-fold greater than those found in either serum or plasma. In either 3T3 or 10T1/2 cells a transient preexposure to platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) caused over a 10-fold increase in the sensitivity to the mitogenic effects of EGF. It is therefore possible that a primary action of PDGF is to increase the sensitivity of fibroblasts to EGF, independent of whether EGF alone is found to be mitogenic.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology